Sun is controlled by these 7 variables:
- Sun Azimuth
- Sun Elevation
- Sun Disk checkbox
- Sun Lamp checkbox
- Sun Angular Diameter
- Sun Temperature K
- Sun Radiance Intensity
Sun position in the sky is controlled by the first two variables -
Elevation. Azimuth moves the Sun
horizontally, elevation - vertically. The values are angle in degrees. This is one of many ways you can control Sun
position. You can move the Sun also by rotating the Sun object itself or use a
Sun Position addon that comes with
Blender. These two values are added for convenience if your scene is huge and you have lost the Sun object.
Now the next two parameters might seem confusing for some.
Sun Diskcheckbox, toggles the visibility of the sun disk in the sky.
Sun Lampcheckbox, toggles the sun lamp intensity.
I'll explain why these parameters can be useful. There are few specific cases where you don't want to see the Sun disk
visible in the sky or don't want your scene illuminated by a parametric lamp. For example, if you use Cycles, you can
avoid using a parametric
Sun Lamp and use the addon as HDRI.
- By disabling both, you get illumination by the sky only. No direct light.
Sun diskenabled and
Sun Lampdisabled, you essentially get a HDRI. Switch to
Cyclesand you will see how the sun disk is a light source - you get shadows.
Sun diskdisabled and
Sun Lampenabled, you have shadows and direct light, but the sun disk will not be visible in the sky. (can't think of a useful case for this setting)
- Both enabled - you have both, direct light and sun disk in the sky.
If you compare
Cycles renders with
Sun Lamp enabled and
Sun Lamp disabled, there might not be a visual difference.
Eevee you will see huge difference in lighting and with no parametric light source there will be no shadows.
This is because
Cycles will sample every point in the sky as a "light source", and you will see shadows, while
only approximates the lighting and uses the sky as an "irradiance map".
- Sun disk size in the sky is controlled by
Angular Diameterparameter. It also changes the sun lamp Angle value for soft shadows. Larger the value, bigger the sun disk, brighter it gets.
Right now the Sun disk is a 2D circle with parametric apparent diameter, intensity is multiplied with a limb darkening factor. In future releases Sun will be calculated differently - as a real 3D sphere with actual physical diameter placed reeealy far away, but not at infinity, which will actually allow to travel to the Sun
Temperature Kchanges the color of the sun disk. Bigger the value, bluer the sun. In theory small stars are hotter, thus bluer, and big stars colder - redder. I wanted to include the calculation of that, but it would remove artistic control, so left it as a manual variable.
Intensitychanges the sun radiance intensity in Watt·sr/m2. Default value is 20.0 MegaWatt·sr/m2 (calculated by dividing solar constant with sun disk diameter in steridians)
In future I might add an option to use Lux values.
false · Experimental
Add additional sun that rotates around the main sun.